Posted by: Ed Darrell | April 29, 2010

Exit Level Social Studies TAKS Review, Part IV: U.S. 1800 to 1877

Courtesy of George Blair’s site to assist students at Samuel Clemens High School in Schertz, Texas — from his Big Stick Social Studies site, with a few edits — a review of things you need to know for U.S. history from 1800 to 1877, part of the eighth grade curriculum which juniors are expected to remember and will be tested on.  This should help get you through the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for Social Studies (11th grade, or Exit Level):

United States History, 1800 to 1877

Nullification Crisis Attempt by South Carolina to nullify a federal law in 1832; issue – high federal tariffs, South Carolina protested/refused to pay, Pres. Jackson –Force Act, SC backed down
States’ rights A view held by Southerners before the Civil War that the states were sovereign and had rights independent of the federal government and law
Civil war A war between people, factions, or regions with a country
1861-1865 Dates of the Civil War between North and South, War Between the States, began with Ft. Sumter and ended at Appomattox Courthouse, major battles – Gettysburg and Vicksburg
Civil War 1861 – 1865, War Between the Northern and Southern states, North wins, Abraham Lincoln president, main battles – Gettysburg & Vicksburg

Reconstruction amendments

13th – 1865 – abolished slavery

14th – 1868 – guaranteed all citizens, including former slaves, civil rights and equality

15th – 1870 – guaranteed voting rights to former male slaves

13th Amendment Ended slavery in United States, adopted during Reconstruction period
14th Amendment Due process and equal protection under the law, applies to the states, defined U.S. citizenship, adopted during Reconstruction period
15th Amendment Guaranteed right to vote to African American males, adopted during Reconstruction period
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