Posted by: Ed Darrell | April 25, 2011

2011 TAKS Review, Part 10: 1960 to 1974

Nixon’s defeat in his first run for the presidency in 1960, to Nixon’s resignation from the presidency in 1974 — who at the State Board of Education picked those dates?

Swiped wholesale from George Blair’s site to assist students at Samuel Clemens High School in Schertz, Texas — from his Big Stick Social Studies site — with just a few edits, here is the first part of the upside-down TAKS review, latest to earliest, for the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Exit Level Social Studies.

X. United States from 1960 to 1974

Martin Luther King, Jr. Minister and civil rights leader of 1950s-60s, famous for “I Have a Dream” speech, assassinated in Memphis, on Apr. 4, 1968, non-violent protest style copied from Gandhi in India
Civil rights movement Activities by African Americans in 1950s and 1960s to make the Reconstruction Amendments actually work for them in the South, key events – Brown v. Board of Education, Freedom Riders, March on Washington, Montgomery Bus Boycott, non-violent resistance, sit-ins, civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King, Jr.
Political equality The concept that all persons in a country have the same political power, the Reconstruction Amendments and the Suffrage Amendment tried to achieve this in the United States for African Americans and for women, but not until the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950’s and 1960’s did political equality truly happen in the U.S.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 President Johnson’s first important piece of legislation; prohibited an employer from denying someone a job because of race, sex, or religion, gave the federal government the power to desegregate public places
24th Amendment Eliminated fees (poll taxes) required for voter registration in most states (1964)
26th Amendment Lowered the minimum voting age from 21 to 18 for voting in all elections (1971)
Vietnam Conflict Conflict between 1946 – 1975 in which Vietnamese overthrew French rule, followed by conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam; US comes in on S. Vietnam’s side against Communist N. Vietnam, final settlement signed on Jan. 27, 1973, United States LOST
Watergate Office and apartment complex in Washington, DC, headquarters of Democratic National Committee, break-in ordered by White House officials; President Nixon (Republican) resigns from office over scandal to avoid impeachment and removal hearings.
Resignation of President Nixon Richard M. Nixon resigned as president (Aug. 1974), rather than face impeachment (removal from office), after the discovery of his involvement in the Watergate burglary of the Democratic Party headquarters.
Rachel Carson Scientist and author whose book, Silent Spring, is credited with starting a new, modern environmental movement, with its warning against indiscriminate use of complex hydrocarbon chemicals whose health and safety effects were not fully studied. She specifically warned of the dangers of the insecticide DDT, which kills songbirds and especially big raptors, thereby threatening to make a “silent spring.”
Thurgood Marshall A brilliant attorney who won the case against racial segregation in schools, in Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education in 1954. He was the first African-American justice to sit on the Supreme Court, appointed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1973.
Ronald Reagan (mostly after 1974, actually) A former Hollywood actor and two-term governor of California, Ronald Reagan’s election to the presidency in 1980 established a conservative “revolution” in Washington, slowing or halting many trends to liberal politics in government that had continued since the administration of FDR. Reagan’s political popularity helped take the Senate for Republicans, and his appointments to courts, including the Supreme Court, will affect the political outlook of our justice system well into the 21st century.

Look for other parts of the TAKS Review here at the Wayback Machine.  The entire list:


  1. It was very easy. I learned a lot from it; it was nice and simple to read and do.

  2. But, you’re not supposed to answer from your phone during class . . .

  3. I need to study on the cold war an racism and presidents

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