Posted by: Ed Darrell | April 25, 2011

2011 TAKS Review, Part 4: U.S. 1800 to 1877

Courtesy of George Blair’s site to assist students at Samuel Clemens High School in Schertz, Texas — from his Big Stick Social Studies site, with a few edits — a review of things you need to know for U.S. history from 1800 to 1877, part of the eighth grade curriculum which juniors are expected to remember and will be tested on. This should help get you through the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for Social Studies (11th grade, or Exit Level):

United States History, 1800 to 1877

Nullification Crisis Attempt by South Carolina to nullify a federal law in 1832; issue – high federal tariffs, South Carolina protested/refused to pay; Pres. Jackson threatened to use the army (Force Act), SC backed down; issue would fester until the Civil War; some states claimed the right not to follow federal law
States’ rights A view held by Southerners before the Civil War that the states were sovereign and had rights independent of the federal government and law
Civil war A war between people, factions, or regions within a country
1861-1865 Dates of the American Civil War between North and South; also known as War Between the States, began with Ft. Sumter and ended at Appomattox Courthouse; major battles – Gettysburg and Vicksburg
Civil War 1861 – 1865, War Between the Northern and Southern states, North wins, Abraham Lincoln president, main battles – Gettysburg & VicksburgAbraham Lincoln was president during the war.

Reconstruction amendments

  • 13th – 1865 – abolished slavery
  • 14th – 1868 – guaranteed all citizens, including former slaves, civil rights and equality
  • 15th – 1870 – guaranteed voting rights to former male slaves
13th Amendment Ended slavery in United States, adopted during Reconstruction period
14th Amendment Due process and equal protection under the law, applies to the states, defined U.S. citizenship, adopted during Reconstruction period
15th Amendment Guaranteed right to vote to African American males, adopted during Reconstruction period

Also note the key date, 1877:  1877 marked the End of Reconstruction, the effort to “rebuild” the South after the Civil War.  1877 and the End of Reconstruction is a TEKS date students are expected to know by heart.

Is it necessary to note that Abraham Lincoln was the president during the Civil War, or have you got that committed to memory yet?

Don’t forget the Gettysburg Address.

Watch for the rest of the TAKS Review series:


  1. I liked it wuz easy :) <333

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