Posted by: Ed Darrell | April 25, 2011

2011 TAKS Review, Part 7: Between the World Wars, Roaring ’20s and the Great Depression

Courtesy of George Blair’s site to assist students at Samuel Clemens High School in Schertz, Texas — from his Big Stick Social Studies site — a review of things you need to know for the Cold War through 1960, which should help get you through the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for Social Studies (11th grade, or Exit Level):

Between World Wars – Roaring ’20s, then Stock Market Crash, and Great Depression

Red Scare Fear in Western countries after World War I that Bolsheviks/Communists were trying to start revolutions and take over democracies. In the United States the Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer conducted raids to deport aliens suspected of being Communists
Prosperity “Good times” enjoyed by Americans in 1920s after World War I, employment and wages were high and workers bought more consumer goods and had more leisure time
Henry Ford Inventor of “Model T” in 1905 and “Model A” cars; introduced MASS PRODUCTION methods of building many cars quickly in a large factory, assembly line in 1914
Scopes Trial Trial in Tennessee in 1925 involving John Scopes, biology teacher who taught theory of evolution at a time when only creationism theory was accepted in Tennessee and 12 other states, trial was called the “Monkey trial” (because of misconception that evolution claims humans came from monkeys); lawyers – Clarence Darrow vs. William Jennings Bryan
Clarence Darrow Famous defense attorney known for flamboyant courtroom behavior and antics, defended Eugene Debs in 1894 union case, defended John Scopes in 1925 “Monkey Trial”
William Jennings Bryan Nebraska congressman; candidate for president in 1896 (“Cross of Gold” speech); prosecuting attorney in John Scopes 1925 “Monkey Trial”, Bible man, presidential candidate in 1900 and 1908 elections, Democrat, key figure in the POPULIST movement, which declared rich should pay more
Prohibition US constitutional amendment (18th amendment) that made illegal the manufacture, transportation, possession, or sale of alcohol; led to black market for alcohol and rise of crime, especially organized crime
Charles A. Lindbergh Hero of the 1920s; first aviator to cross the Atlantic non-stop in the “Spirit of St. Louis” aircraft (1927), NY to Paris 33 hours, former US Army and airmail pilot; victim of a kidnapping of his first child (the child was murdered)
1929 Stock Market Crash, Black Tuesday Oct. 29, end of prosperity period of 1920s with cheap credit, overvalued stocks, and consumer greed; plunged US and world into the Great Depression of the 1930s
Stock Market Crash October 1929: Thousands of investors went broke when stocks lost their value because of greed, margin buying and shady business deals; beginning of the Great Depression
Bank failures Bad bank loans drained cash out of peoples’ savings accounts; depositors later demanded their cash, which banks no longer held, caused banks go bankrupt (fail)
Depression A time of economic decline caused by a sharp drop in business activity; accompanied by rising unemployment, the Great Depression (1929-1941) was a serious global economic decline that began with the crash of the US stock market in 1929
Great Depression Began in 1929 and lasted throughout the 1930s, economic crisis caused by stock market crash; Americans suffered job loss, hunger and other hardships for more than a decade
New Deal President Franklin Roosevelt’s effort to jump-start the US economy and create jobs, New Deal programs emphasized relief, recovery, and reform
FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Created to insure bank (checking and savings) accounts against loss in case of mismanagement or financial disasters.
Social Security Act Passed in August 1935 as part of FDR’s New Deal; intended to protect American who were unable to support themselves – single parents, disabled, retired and elderly

Don’t forget about the Dust Bowl!

Watch for the other parts of the TAKS Review:

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