Posted by: Ed Darrell | April 25, 2011

2011 TAKS Review, Part 8: World War II

Courtesy of George Blair’s site to assist students at Samuel Clemens High School in Schertz, Texas — from his Big Stick Social Studies site — a review of things you need to know for World War II, which should help get you through the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for Social Studies (11th grade, or Exit Level):

World War II

Dictatorship One person holds all of the political power in a country.  Famous dictators of this era:  Adolf Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy, Hideki Tojo in Japan, Francisco Franco in Spain, Joseph Stalin in Soviet Union (Russia); Franco remained neutral in World War II, Stalin joined the Allies when Germany invaded Russia
1941-1945 Years of US involvement in World War II, America enters war when Japan attacks US base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Dec. 7 (“Day of Infamy”), Europe and Pacific theaters, Japan-Italy-Germany vs. U.S.-Great Britain-Russia, war end in Europe May 8 and Japan Aug. 14, 1945
Pearl Harbor Surprise Japanese attack on largest US base in Hawaii on Dec 7, 1941(“Day of Infamy”); caused US to enter World War II, more than 2,000 US military and civilians are killed.
World War II 1941-1945 were years of US involvement, but war began in Europe in 1939, America enters war when Japan attacks US base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on Dec. 7 (“Day of Infamy”), Europe and Pacific theaters, Japan-Italy-Germany vs. U.S.-Great Britain-Russia, war ends with surrenders in Europe on May 8 and by Japan on Aug. 14, 1945
Internment of Japanese Americans In response to Pearl Harbor, US government suspected all Japanese-Americans as possible spies or sabateurs; thousands especially on West Coast relocated to prison camps on US mainland
Battle of Midway Considered “turning point” of World War II in the Pacific; US ships and planes defeated large Japanese fleet on its way to capture Midway Island for use as military base (1942); Japan’s Navy was hurt so that Japan could not mount any further offensive campaigns in the war
Home front What was happening in the United States while America was at war. Examples: women in the economy (Rosie the Riveter), war bonds, rationing coupons, victory gardens, scrap metal drives
Rationing Goods needed for the armed forces or wartime production were rationed (limited); included rubber, gasoline, oil, sugar, butter, and meat; Americans used coupons to obtain their supply of the rationed item.
Holocaust Imprisonment, torture and extermination (genocide) of more than 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany, millions of other people also killed in camps; major death camp – Auschwitz
Normandy Invasion; also known as D-Day, or Operation Overlord
June 6, 1944, “D-Day”, Operation Overlord, Allied invasion of France, beginning of the end for Germany in World War II
Harry S. Truman VP who became president in 1945 with death of Franklin Roosevelt, decided to drop atomic bomb on Japan, stood up to USSR, Potsdam Treaty, Truman Doctrine 1947, Korean War
Atomic bomb Harry S Truman decision to use the bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki, August 1945; Enola Gay was name of B-29 Bomber used to drop the first bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945; killed thousands of Japanese, ended World War II in the Pacific Front
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic bombs (developed in Manhattan Project) dropped on these Japanese cities (August 6 & 9, 1945), ended WWII in Pacific on August 14, 1945

Watch for other parts of the TAKS Review.

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